Essence of Financial Regulation
Financial regulations are regulations that are put in places by the state and which are subjected to the financial institution to meet certain requirements. The aim of the regulation is to make sure that the economy is stable. The the regulation also ensure there is market confidence, customers are protected, and there is no financial crime that is committed. Financial regulation has been therefore a long time, but today, states are finding ways in which they can strengthen them.
Every state has devised and implemented measures that guarantee that the financial system is regulated. The government has established agencies which act the regulators of the financial system. In a place like the US, an agency like the Federal Reserve Board, has been established to monitor the banking companies. The Security And The Exchange Commission is established to enforce the laws on the security market. In other places like Britain, they also have an agencies like the Financial Conduct Authority which is meant to control the financial firms.
To make sure that the financial firms have abided to the rules of the regulation set by the state, they must be supervised. The regulators analyze every aspect of the financial institution to make sure that they are being run safely and in a sound manner. Sometimes the regular can meet with the key decision-makers of the institution and investigate the company. The higher the risk of potential harm, the closer the firm is monitored.
The rules are supposed to be followed by every financial firm. There are a various consequence that the company will face since it does not comply. In some severe cases, the institution can face enforcement proceedings. One of the best way that the government can ensure that the firms are complying is by giving threat of enforcement. The government can sometimes wind down or restructure a firm with the aim of minimizing its harm to the economy.
Financial regulating are install as it ensures that the customers are protected from financial fraud; for example unethical mortgage, credit card, and other financial product. They are also useful in protecting the investors from the financial markets. To ensure that investors benefit, professionals like Chris Brummer have put a lot of effort in the transformation of the financial regulations. It also makes sure that there is no excessive risk-taking. Regulations also control the monopolies to ensure that they do not abuse their powers. If not monopolies are not monitored thy may offer default product and overcharge them.
There are three main types of regulators of the financial market. The first type is called the bank regulator who functions examine the whole banking system and make sure there is enough capital and no potential threat. The consumer regulator ensure that no overcoming of the credit cards. To ensure that there is a regulation in the stock market, the financial market regulator is required.